As a website owner, security should always be a priority. With the prevalence of cyber-attacks and data breaches, it is essential to stay vigilant and protect your website from malicious activities. In this blog, we will discuss some tips for keeping your website secure, from simple steps such as using strong passwords and keeping software updated, to more advanced measures such as using a content delivery network and implementing two-factor authentication.
How Do Websites Get Hacked?
- Identifying and exploiting vulnerabilities: Hackers use automated tools to scan websites for vulnerabilities. This includes outdated software, weak passwords, and unpatched security flaws.
- Malware: Hackers can also inject malicious code into a website. This code can be used to steal confidential information, redirect visitors to malicious websites, or even take control of the website.
- Phishing: This is a form of social engineering, where hackers send emails or messages containing malicious links or attachments. If clicked, these links or attachments can install malicious software on the user’s system, which can then be used to access the website.
- SQL Injection: This method is used to bypass authentication and access a website’s database. Hackers can then modify, delete, or steal data from the database.
- Brute Force Attacks: This is when hackers use automated tools to guess passwords. If the website has weak passwords or no rate limiting, hackers can easily gain access to the website.
- Cross-Site Scripting (XSS): This is a type of attack where hackers inject malicious code into a website’s code. When visitors access the website, the code will execute and give the hacker access to the website.
- Cross-site request forgery (CSRF): Attackers can trick users into unknowingly performing actions on a website, such as making purchases or changing settings, without their knowledge or consent.
- DDoS Attacks: Hackers can use malicious bots to overwhelm a website’s server with requests. This can cause the website to become unavailable or slow down significantly.
- Vulnerable Plugins/Themes: Attackers can exploit vulnerabilities in third-party plugins or themes used on the website to gain access or control over the website.
- Server Misconfigurations: Attackers can exploit misconfigurations in the website's hosting server to gain access to sensitive data or execute unauthorized actions.
- Insufficient Input Validation: Attackers can exploit vulnerabilities in the website's code that don't properly validate user input, allowing them to inject malicious code or execute unauthorized actions.
- Password Guessing: Attackers can use automated tools to guess or crack weak passwords, allowing them to access the website or user accounts.
Top 23 Ways to Secure Your Website
As a business owner, having a secure website is paramount. Not only does it protect your customers from the potential of data breaches, but it also helps to protect your business from potential legal and financial repercussions. With so many cyber threats on the rise, it’s important to ensure your website is safe and secure. To help you get started, here are the top 20 ways to secure your website.
- Use Secure Passwords: It’s essential to use secure passwords for all of your website accounts. This includes administrative accounts, database accounts, and FTP accounts. Try to choose passwords that are at least eight characters long and include a combination of letters, numbers, and special characters.
Update Software Regularly: Make sure to regularly update your software. This includes the software you use to run your website (WordPress, Joomla, etc.), as well as any plugins or themes you may be using. Outdated software can be a security risk, so be sure to stay on top of updates.
Block IP Addresses: If you notice suspicious activity coming from a certain IP address, you can block it from accessing your website. This can help to prevent malicious attacks from taking place.
Use HTTPS: HTTPS is an encryption protocol that helps to protect data sent between a website and its users. Using HTTPS can help to keep data safe and secure, so be sure to enable it on your website.
Strengthen Database Security: Make sure to strengthen your database security by setting up strong passwords and limiting access to only those who absolutely need it. You should also consider using database firewalls to further protect your data.
Protect Against SQL Injection: SQL injection is one of the most common attacks on websites. To protect against it, you should make sure to use parameterized queries when you’re accessing a database, as well as limit the privileges of the database user.
Use Security Plugins: There are many security plugins available for WordPress and other platforms that can help to protect your website. These can help to detect and block malicious attacks, as well as alert you to any suspicious activity.
Scan for Malware: Regularly scan your website for malware. This can help to detect any malicious code that may have been inserted into your website.
Protect Against Cross-Site Scripting: Cross-site scripting (XSS) is a type of attack that injects malicious code into a website. To protect against it, you should make sure to validate all user input and use an XSS filter.
Limit File Uploads: File uploads can be a security risk, as they can allow attackers to upload malicious code to your website. To protect against this, you should limit the types of files that can be uploaded to your website.
Use a Web Application Firewall: A web application firewall (WAF) can help to protect your website from malicious attacks. It can detect and block malicious requests, as well as alert you to suspicious activity.
Restrict Admin Access: Restrict administrative access to only those who need it. This can help to prevent unauthorized access to sensitive data.
Monitor Activity: Keep an eye on your website for any suspicious activity. This can help to detect malicious attacks before they cause damage.
Monitor Logs: Regularly monitor your website’s logs for any suspicious activity. This can help to detect potential attacks and stop them before they become a problem.
Use Two-Factor Authentication: Two-factor authentication (2FA) adds an extra layer of security to your website. It requires users to provide a second form of authentication, such as a one-time password before they can access the website.
- Harden Your Server: Make sure to harden your server by applying the latest security patches and limiting access to only those who need it.
- Protect Against Brute Force Attacks: Brute force attacks are attempts to guess a website’s login credentials. To protect against them, you should enable CAPTCHA, limit login attempts, and use strong passwords.
- Use Security Headers: Security headers can help to protect your website from malicious attacks. They can also help to protect your users from certain types of attacks.
- Monitor Your Website’s Performance: Regularly monitor your website’s performance for any suspicious activity. This can help to detect malicious attacks before they cause damage.
- Train Employees: Make sure your employees understand the importance of security and the potential risks of cyber-attacks. Have them go through security training so they’re aware of the potential dangers and how to protect against them.
- Use a content delivery network (CDN): Use a CDN to improve website performance and security by caching content and distributing it across multiple servers.
- Use CAPTCHA and rate limiting: Use CAPTCHA and rate limiting to prevent automated attacks, such as brute force login attempts.
- Use a vulnerability scanner: Use a vulnerability scanner to identify potential security vulnerabilities and take action to address them.
Top Website Security Scanning Websites
When it comes to website security, every website owner needs to be proactive and ensure that their website is secure and free from any potential malicious activity. A website security scan should be part of your regular website maintenance routine and can help you identify any potential vulnerabilities that may have been exploited by malicious actors. The good news is that there are a number of free and paid website security scanning websites that can help you identify and fix any website security issues quickly and easily.
Here we’ll take a look at the top website security scanning websites so that you can make an informed decision about which one will work best for you.
Sucuri is one of the most popular website security scanning websites. It offers a range of features, including malware scanning, blacklist monitoring, website protection, and remediation. It also includes a WordPress plugin that makes it easy to scan your WordPress website and identify any potential security risks.
Norton Safe Web: https://safeweb.norton.com/
Norton Safe Web is a website scanning service offered by Symantec and is one of the most popular website security scanning websites. It offers a range of features, including malware detection and website reputation monitoring. It also offers detailed reports that can help you identify any potential security issues and also recommend solutions to address them.
Qualys is another popular website security scanning website. It offers a number of features, including malware scanning, vulnerability scanning, and website reputation monitoring. It also offers detailed reports that can help you identify and address any potential security issues.
SiteLock is another popular website security scanning website. It offers a range of features, including malware scanning and website reputation monitoring. It also includes a WordPress plugin that makes it easy to scan and identify any potential security issues.
As the Internet continues to evolve, website security has become more important than ever. With billions of people using the web every day, it’s important to protect your website from malicious attacks, unauthorized access, and data breaches. Fortunately, there are a variety of measures you can take to secure your website and protect your visitors. Website security is a critical issue, and it’s important to stay up-to-date on the latest security measures and best practices. With the right security measures in place, you can make sure your website is safe from malicious attacks and data breaches. By utilizing the Aarav Infotech Website Maintenance Program, you can rest assured that your website is being handled with care and all necessary security measures are being implemented.
Written by: Jitendra Raulo
Jitendra Raulo is the Founding Director at Aarav Infotech India Pvt. Ltd., a leading Web Design and Digital Marketing Company with 11+ years of experience and having headquarter in Mumbai, India, and Support Centre at Bhubaneswar, India, he is actively working with Start-ups, SMEs and Corporations utilizing technology to provide business transformation solution.